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The 65th anniversary of the Tu-95 maiden flight
Development of the Tu-95 started back in the late 1940s, when A. Tupolev and some other designers were tasked with the creation of a bomber that would be able to take off in the USSR, reach the United States of America, and then return.

A prototype of "95/1" with 2TV-2F engines performed its first flight on November 12, 1952, test pilot was A.D. Perelet. Serial production started in 1955. Aircraft Tu-95 and Tu-95M were put into serial production: 50 vehicles including four aircraft in form of strategic long-range reconnaissance Tu-95MP, long-range target acquisition and reconnaissance aircraft TU-95RC — 53 aircraft, strategic missile carriers Tu-95K and Tu-95KM, missile carrier X-20M — 71 aircraft.

Aircraft Tu-95 was developed in various modifications and has been in service before the beginning of the 90s. This aircraft has come through a number of modifications and modernization works on engines, weapons and equipment. In 1970-1980 missile carriers Tu-95K-22 with missiles X-22H were created on the basis of serial Tu-95KM. Through a deep modernization of aircraft Tu-95RC in the end of 1960 was created a long-range antisubmarine aircraft Tu-142.

Later a strategic missile carrier Tu-95MC — cruise missile carrier was developed on the basis of modification Tu-142M.

Source: UAC.

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